Three faces of psychology

Template matching[ edit ] Template matching theory describes the most basic approach to human pattern recognition. It is a theory that assumes every perceived object is stored as a "template" into long-term memory.

Three faces of psychology

Understanding The ‘Psychology’ Of Jews | Real Jew News

Two-Faces The idea of a duality in character or personality is not new in psychology, literature, nor our everyday relationships with people. I suspect most everyone has at some time "been of two minds" over a situation - caught in a struggle between two contradictory impulses or courses of action, each having strong appeal, yet coming from different sides of our nature.

And who has not discovered that many people display a different nature "once you get to know" them? Likewise, the idea is well accepted that many people have a distinctly different public and private persona.

Yet this duality of our nature has been largely overshadowed by real or fictional cases involving abnormal extremes. The dramatic portrayal by Joanne Woodward of the Three Faces of Eve is another example as is the pejorative declaration that "so and so" is "two-faced. Having more than one "personality" is considered a disorder: At the sub-clinical level, while not considered serious clinically, showing "two different faces" is not healthy.

From Genius to Madness

Being "two-faced" is considered not a good thing to be! Yet Having Two Faces is Normal This assertion stems from Carl Jung's discovery that all people have both an extraverted and introverted nature.

Yet, again, the influence of trait psychology has clouded this distinction by converting the preferences into a scale, with I at one extreme and E at the other and a midpoint in between.

Three faces of psychology

So it has been seductively easy to fall into the trap of classifying people along this scale depending on which Three faces of psychology of the midpoint a person fell.

Even serious students of psychological type and admirers of Isabel Myers are guilty of talking about Introverts and Extroverts - as Three faces of psychology Introverts have no extraverted nature and Extraverts have no introverted nature. In commenting on this modern day distortion of his mother's work at a conference in the Spring ofPeter Myers was quoted as saying: There are 8 functions.

The eight functions Peter Myers' referenced are: The shorthand designations of these functions use the lower case "e" or "i" to distinguish the two different expressions. Thus Se is extraverted sensing and Si is introverted sensing. These eight functions are described in Chapter 8 of Gifts Differing and were originally drawn by Peter's grandmother - Katherine Briggs - from her reading of Jung's Psychological Types.

Self Actualization

Wherein in reality INTJ is the code designation for a distinct pattern of how the 8 functions interact and result in a "whole type. Thus INTJ refers to the following pattern of mental functions: Expressed in this way, the wholeness of type, in encompassing all the functions and attitudes is more evident.

Later in this article, I'll discuss how this unique pattern of functions relates to personality development and psychological growth. True personality type is hidden Because of the influence of "trait" psychology on how we think about personality, it is easy for the type practitioner to lose sight of the fact that Jung's theory of types is not based on observable traits or behavior.

When we talk about Type, we are actually talking about something that is hidden beneath the collection of traits and behaviors we think about when using the term personality.

A person's "Type" may be something we can infer from traits and behaviors, yet we cannot directly observe it. If we examine the root of the word personality "persona" we discover it means "mask. When we observe in others consistent patterns of behavior, we are seeing, not type itself, but the influence of what I call the Faces of Type.


There is a unique combination associated with each type. Each of the 16 types has two primary Type Faces derived from the fact that each of us responds to both E and I energy sources: While these faces hide the true type, they are not masks in the sense of being false because they are a part of the overall Gestalt of type.

They are extrapolations of our type. While our Myers-Briggs Type is a lifelong constant, the Type Faces are the building blocks of a maturing and developing personality. These 4 basic archetypes can be expanded to 16 by having them be expressed in either the E or I attitude and by which of the two functions in the pair takes the lead is the principle function.

For example, when ST is introverted it plays out somewhat differently than when it is extraverted; likewise when the coupling is reversed in order with Thinking predominant TS we get two more variations on the general theme of the pairing of Sensing-Thinking.

The Three Faces of Eve | New Georgia Encyclopedia

While these four primary archetypes are imprinted in the psyche of everyone, the unique patterns of the 16 types will favor expression of these these four primary archetypes in an order characteristic to each type.

I chose to call these archetypical expressions "Faces" because I think the average person is more familiar with the notion of people having more than one "face" than they are with the more sophisticated and mystical sounding word "archetype.

Our 2 primary faces are anchored by our two most preferred mental functions, indicated by the middle two type letters.10 Signs You Know What Matters.

Values are what bring distinction to your life. You don't find them, you choose them. And when you do, you're on the path to fulfillment.

Three faces of psychology

Attachment is a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. The roots of research on attachment began with Freud's theories about love, but another researcher is usually credited as the father of attachment theory.

Apr 24,  · Imagine that three psychologists are having lunch together, and that you are eavesdropping on their conversation. There is a psychoanalyst (P), a behaviorist (B), and a humanist (H). Which of the psychologists is most likely to have made each of the following statements? Resolved. Dr. Corbett H. Thigpen (who lived from January 8, – March 19, ) was an American psychiatrist and the co-author of the popular, nonfictional book The Three Faces of Eve, which was first published in Chapter Personality Three Faces of Psychology Imagine that three psychologists are having lunch together, and that you are eavesdropping on their conversation.

There is a psychoanalyst, a behaviorist, and a humanist%(1). Carl Rogers () was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow, but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood).

Face - Wikipedia