You can help by adding to it. The pace of industrial growth attracted millions of European immigrants over the next century, with especially large numbers arriving from PolandBelgiumPortugalItalyand Spain.
For nearly two and a half centuries up tothe term "New France" designated those regions of the Americas claimed in the name of French kings or occupied by their subjects. Early in the eighteenth century, New France reached its greatest extent. On official maps, it then stretched from Plaisance presentday Placentia in Newfoundland, through Acadia, Canada, the Great Lakes region with a northern, recently conquered outlier on Hudson Bayand the Mississippi Valley to the Gulf of Mexico.
French settlers were concentrated in only a few parts of this vast arc of territory. The authorities laid claim to the rest by dint of a network of posts and forts, a minimal French presence made possible by an alliance with the Native nations whose land this was.
While French power in this area tended to grow, it remained limited until the British conquest of — confirmed, for the territory east of the Mississippi, in by the Treaty of Paris. Early Settlement of New France The idea of a new France situated an ocean away from the old gained currency after explorer Giovanni da Verrazano 's voyage along the east coast of North America.
If the notion contained an element of projection up to the very end, in the beginning, it was only that—a name on a map proclaiming eastern North America to be Nova Gallia. Other early New Frances were associated with exploration and, beginning in the early s, short-lived settlements: Lawrence Valley, Brazil, and Florida.
Only later would such efforts prove successful, as the trade with Native people, initially a by-product of the fishery, grew more intense after This both encouraged and permitted French merchant interests, official charter in hand, to establish permanent bases in the Northeast.
Neither of these mainly commercial establishments attracted many settlers in the early years. Be it with the Mi'kmaqs and the Abenakis in Acadia or the Innus, the Algonquins, and soon the Hurons in Canada, trade implied some form of military cooperation.
Missionaries, who initiated exchanges of another, more unilateral sort, were a logical part of the bargain from the French point of view. Such were the foundations of a long collaboration between the French and a growing number of Amerindian nations.
Bringing together peoples of contrasting cultures and of opposing long-term interests, the arrangement was by no means preordained. Even after it became a tradition, much hard work on the part of intermediaries on either side of the cultural divide and a few of mixed origin who were in the middle was required to maintain it, and their blunders could threaten it.
But for the moment, the two groups' interests often converged, for reasons that ultimately had much to do with demography. While the French colonial population would grow rapidly by natural increase, by British American standards a paltry number of immigrants set the process in motion.
For the moment, the French posed a correspondingly limited threat to Native lands.
Moreover, as conflicts among aboriginal nations and colonial and European rivalries gradually merged, both the French and a growing number of Native peoples, facing population decline, found an alliance to their advantage.
New France's Colonial Population Meanwhile, a colonial population took root. Most of New France's colonists would live in the St. With over 65, inhabitants in the late s, Canada was France's flagship colony on the continent, its settlers accounting for some three-fourths of the total colonial population under French rule.
Colonial development accelerated noticeably in the s, thanks to a series of royal measures.
These included substituting for company rule a royal administration headed by a governor-general and an intendant; sending troops to encourage the Iroquois to make peace; organizing the recruitment of emigrants, including some marriageable women, in France; and permitting Jean Talon, the first intendant, to spend freely on various development projects, most of them premature.
The emergence late in the decade of a new group, the coureurs de bois, illegal traders who soon all but replaced their Native counterparts in the trade linking Canada and the Great Lakes region, signaled growing specialization in the colonial economy.
By the s, licensed traders, who recruited canoemen mostly in rural areas and dealt with a handful of Montreal merchants, had largely replaced the coureurs. By then, the vast majority of "Canadiens" gained their livelihood on family farms or in artisan shops, most of the latter concentrated in the colony's main towns of Quebec and Montreal.
The colonial elite comprised the top government and church officials sent from France, as well as a local noblesse whose men usually served as officers in the colonial regular troops.
They and the religious orders, active in education and hospitals, held most of the colony's seigneuries. Several groups of Native allies residing on a half-dozen reserves in the valley provided military aid; some helped carry out the Montreal-Albany contraband trade.
With a few companions in misfortune of African origin, other, enslaved Natives generally performed domestic service for the well off. Acadia in peninsular Nova Scotiawith smaller settlements in present-day New Brunswick and Prince Edward Islandcontained the Atlantic region's largest French population—some 13, by The Nova Scotia Acadians, most of whom grew wheat and raised livestock behind dikes in the Fundy marshlands, experienced both the advantages and the disadvantages of life in a borderland: The last of these began in with the British conquest of the peninsula.
It would be marked by the deportation and dispersal from to of the Acadians, whom the new rulers came to regard, no doubt erroneously in the vast majority's case, as a security risk. The Fundy marshlands having been reserved for New Englanders, Acadian fugitives, and returning exiles settled mainly in New Brunswicknow British territory, after the return of peace to the region.
Plaisance in Newfoundland, which had emerged in the s as a year-round base for the French fishery, was by then but a distant memory; the French had ceded it to the British in Here, fishing villages sprang up and construction soon began on the fortress of Louis-bourg.
In the town its population of about 4, in counting for some three-fourths of the colony'smerchants set the tone. This port, strategically located for the intercolonial trade and the banks fishery, became one of eastern North America's busiest.Start studying Women History Chapter 2 Colonial Worlds.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The majority of the early white female immigrants to the Chesapeake came as. What was the most important resource a French fur trader could have on the frontier of New France?
Women and Immigration in France. 30 percent of men born in France of two parents born in Algeria say that they have no religion at all. A full 60 percent of those who have only one parent born in Algeria say that they have no religion.
For women, the figures are 30 percent and 58 percent, respectively. (Women’s Group for the Abolition. NEW FRANCE.
NEW FRANCE. For nearly two and a half centuries up to , the term "New France" designated those regions of the Americas claimed in the name of French kings or occupied by their subjects.
Early in the eighteenth century, New France reached its greatest extent. Statistics on Spanish immigrants in France show a growth of percent between and , i.e. in this period went from to 11, people. Of the total of , new foreigners coming to France in , nearly 8% were Portuguese, British 5%, Spanish 5%, Italians 4%, Germans 4%, Romanians 3%, and Belgians 3%.
However, as Latino immigrants did not make up a significant portion of the population at the time, the AFL focused most vocally on limiting the immigration of the former two groups.
Where are "new" immigrants from.
Mostly Poland and Germany. 58 terms. Michaela_Yensen. Chapter 6 Honors American History. lead to the development of two distinct political groups. the male gamete, much smaller than the female egg.