The ferries that cross Long Island Sound carry automobiles, trucks and buses, as well as foot passengers. However, in recent years the western part of the sound has become increasingly deficient of marine life. The fishing and lobster industries have encouraged efforts to identify the cause of the dead water and rectify the problem. Scientists debate whether submarine power cables are safe for underwater lifeforms.
Early history[ edit ] Long Island Native American settlements Prior to European contact, the Lenape people named the Delaware by Europeans inhabited the western end of Long Island, and spoke the Munsee dialect of Lenape, one of the Algonquian language The long island sound. Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to record an encounter with the Lenapes, after entering what is now New York Bay in The eastern portion of the island was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island.
Inthe English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor and purportedly landed at Coney Island. Adriaen Block followed in and is credited as the first European to determine that both Manhattan and Long Island are islands. Native American land deeds recorded by the Dutch from state that the Indians referred to Long Island as Sewanhaka Sewanhacky and Sewanhacking were other spellings in the transliteration of Lenape.
It is unclear when the name "Nassau Island" was discontinued.
The very first settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England. The long island sound Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island. The first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21,when Southold was established by the Rev.
John Youngs and settlers from New HavenConnecticut. Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first. He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year.
Hempstead followed inEast Hampton inHuntington inBrookhaven inand Smithtown in The Old House in Cutchoguebuiltis the oldest English-style house in the state. While the eastern region of Long Island was first settled by the English, the western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch; untilthe jurisdiction of Long Island was split between the Dutch and English, roughly at the present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County.
The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in Settlers throughout Suffolk County pressed to stay part of Connecticut, but Governor Sir Edmund Andros threatened to eliminate the settlers' rights to land if they did not yield, which they did by InYorkshire was dissolved and the three original counties on Long Island were established: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk.
The island remained a British stronghold until the end of the war in General Washington based his espionage activities on Long Island, due to the western part of the island's proximity to the British military headquarters in New York City. This ring alerted Washington to valuable British secrets, including the treason of Benedict Arnold and a plan to use counterfeiting to induce economic sabotage.
Long Island's colonists served both Loyalist and Patriot causes, with many prominent families divided among both sides.
During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians.
A number of structures from this era remain. Also in existence is a reconstruction of Brooklyn's Old Stone Houseon the site of the Maryland 's celebrated last stand during the Battle of Long Island. The Brooklyn Bridgethe first of multiple crossings constructed across the East Riverconnects Long Island with Manhattan Island background Oheka Castlea Gold Coast estate, is the second-largest private residence in the country.
In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture. The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston.
Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas.
For the century from untiltotal population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan.
Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridgethe only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat or ship. As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city.
At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau County communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views.
Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. MorganWilliam K. Vanderbiltand Charles Prattwhose estates led to this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast. This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsbywhich has also been adapted in films.Information on Western and Central Long Island Sound Dredged Material Disposal Sites including the Dredged Material Management Plan and Regional Dredging Team.
Information regarding the Eastern Long Island Sound Selected Site including public meetings. Long Island Sound is Connecticut’s largest and most important natural resource. More than 8 million people live in the Long Island Sound watershed and the activities that take place on and along the Sound – boating, fishing, tourism, and swimming – contribute .
The Long Island Sound Study (LISS) is a cooperative effort involving researchers, regulators, user groups and other concerned organizations and individuals.
These people are working together to protect and improve the health of the Sound. The Long Island Sound is the body of water situated between the North Shore of Long Island, both Nassau and Suffolk Counties, and the southern coast of Connecticut.
The waters of the Long Island. Year round vehicle, truck, motorcoach, and passenger ferry service between Orient Point, Long Island, New York and New London, Connecticut.
Long Island Sound, semienclosed arm of the North Atlantic Ocean, lying between the New York–Connecticut (U.S.) shore to the north and Long Island to the south. Covering 1, square miles (3, square km), it is 90 miles ( km) long and 3–20 miles (5–32 km) wide and is limited on the east by Orient Point (Long Island) and Plum, Gull, and Fishers islands and on the west by the narrow.