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Calhoun This is among John C. Calhoun's most famous speeches. He was too ill to deliver it himself, so it was read by another senator with Calhoun present in the Senate Chamber.
Calhoun, so ill he had to be helped out of the Chamber after the speech by two of his friends, died on March 31, I have, senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion.
Entertaining this opinion, I have, on all proper occasions, endeavored to call the attention of both the two great parties which divided the country to adopt some measure to prevent so great a disaster, but without success. The agitation has been permitted to proceed with almost no attempt to resist it, until it has reached a point when it can no longer be disguised or denied that the Union is in danger.
You have thus had forced upon you the greatest and gravest question that can ever come under your consideration: How can the Union be preserved? To give a satisfactory answer to this mighty question, it is indispensable to have an accurate and thorough knowledge of the nature and the character of the cause by which the Union is endangered.
Without such knowledge it is impossible to pronounce with any certainty, by what measure it can be saved; just as it would be impossible for a physician to pronounce in the case of some dangerous disease, with any certainty, by what remedy the patient could be saved, without similar knowledge of the nature and character of the cause which produce it.
The first question, then, presented for consideration in the investigation I propose to make in order to obtain such knowledge is: What is it that has endangered the Union?
To this question there can be but one answer,--that the immediate cause is the almost universal discontent which pervades all the States composing the Southern section of the Union. This widely extended discontent is not of recent origin.
It commenced with the agitation of the slavery question and has been increasing ever since. The next question, going one step further back, is: What has caused this widely diffused and almost universal discontent?
It is a great mistake to suppose, as is by some, that it originated with demagogs who excited the discontent with the intention of aiding their personal advancement, or with the disappointed ambition of certain politicians who resorted to it as the means of retrieving their fortunes.
On the contrary, all the great political influences of the section were arrayed against excitement, and exerted to the utmost to keep the people quiet.
The great mass of the people of the South were divided, as in the other section, into Whigs and Democrats. The leaders and the presses of both parties in the South were very solicitous to prevent excitement and to preserve quiet; because it was seen that the effects of the former would necessarily tend to weaken, if not destroy, the political ties which united them with their respective parties in the other section.
Those who know the strength of party ties will readily appreciate the immense force which this cause exerted against agitation and in favor of preserving quiet. But, great as it was, it was not sufficient to prevent the widespread discontent which now pervades the section. No; some cause far deeper and more powerful than the one supposed must exist, to account for discontent so wide and deep.
The question then recurs: What is the cause of this discontent? It will be found in the belief of the people of the Southern States, as prevalent as the discontent itself, that they can not remain, as things now are, consistently with honor and safety, in the Union.John C. Calhoun, in full John Caldwell Calhoun, (born March 18, , Abbeville district, South Carolina, U.S.—died March 31, , Washington, D.C.), American political leader who was a congressman, the secretary of war, the seventh vice president (–32), a senator, and the secretary of state of the United States.
John C. Calhoun emphasized in The Clay Compromise Measures, which was spoken by another senator due to his own illness, about both of the topics at hand: the equilibrium between North and South and the issues on slavery.
Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and Daniel Webster and Their Differing Vi. era were Henry Clay, In the Clay Compromise Measures was the subject of slavery, would tear up the Union. So John Calhoun told them they need to keep the parties of the South the Whigs and the Democrats agreeing and not weaken.
It doesn’t mean that. The Compromise of was a series of bills that wanted to resolvethe territorial and slavery controversies arising from theMexican-American War (). There.
John C. Calhoun on the Clay Compromise Measures, U.S.
Senate, March 4, John C. Calhoun, a senator from South Carolina and the preeminent spokesperson for Southern exclusionism, was so ill at the time of this speech he had to ask someone else to deliver it.
He died in Washington on March 31, John C. Calhoun; 7th Vice President of the United States; In office March 4, – December 28, Clay managed to get Calhoun to agree to a bill with higher rates in exchange for Clay's opposition to Jackson's military threats and, and although the compromise measures did eventually pass, Calhoun's ideas about states.