Project Methodology Examples Download a Methodology Example Essay methodology examples may be easily accessible on the net.
Kevin Bonnett - Sociology What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?
Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic.
You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such Research methodologies essay. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group.
Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour. Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with.
You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this.
What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.
Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation e. They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged.
What if I want to record people's views on an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic.
Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range e.
The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing.
Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach realist, phenomenologist or constructionist. Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection if needed and analysis.
The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods?
There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications.
However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events. After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected.
In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy.
You will have a particular focus — a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods — i. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is going on.
Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods.
Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based? If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based.
This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible? How useful is subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities?
Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world.Published: Mon, 11 Dec INTRODUCTION. This chapter presents the research methodologies adopted for the research.
A combination of both qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches was adopted by the researcher in order to attain a realistic result from the research. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically.
There are several important aspects to research methodology.
This is a summary of the key concepts in scientific research and an attempt to erase some common misconceptions in science. Albert Einstein Mixed methods research is fast becoming recognised as a third major research approach or paradigm alongside qualitative and quantitative research.
Its philosophy is pragmatic, and in general terms it is an approach which attempts to acknowledge . Research Methodology Essay RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. RESEARCH DESIGN The three main purposes of research are to describe, explain, and validate findings. In order achieve this goal, it is important for me to know not only the research methods necessary for the research under taken but also the methodology.
Research methodology is the. Essay planning and writing for the AS and A Level sociology exams – hints and tips. The research methods section of the AS sociology (2) exam (research methods and topics in sociology) consists of one short answer question (out of 4 marks) and one essay question (out of 16 marks).