How to write a subpoena for court

It provides information about, the use of and compliance with, subpoenas in the Family Court.

How to write a subpoena for court

At some time, psychologists are likely to receive a subpoena requesting their records on one of their clients. The psychologist may be legally required to comply, but such requests may also be in conflict with the state laws concerning patient confidentiality, relevant national ethics codes and guidelines, and test publishers and copyright law.

The relevant issues are discussed and guidelines for responding to such subpoenas are offered. What do you do when you receive a subpoena duces tecum a legal command to appear with specific documents that requests the following?

Please provide all written or computer generated reports; notes; test stimuli; test scores; all verbal, written, or other responses to the test stimuli; and test manuals for the testing procedures used in evaluating defendant In our current litigious society, in all probability many psychologists will receive such a request.

How the psychologist responds may depend upon the attorneys involved, the judge involved, the client or patient involved, state laws, relevant national ethics codes and guidelines, test publishers and copyright law, and the individual psychologist's awareness of possible choices.

The following guidelines are based on my personal experiences. These guidelines are not intended to provide legal advice, nor are they intended to be, or to substitute for, the advice of an attorney.

They are offered only as suggestions of the various options that an individual psychologist may consider how to write a subpoena for court responding to such a subpoena. For readability purposes I have elected to use the first person tense as a writing form.

Also, the suggestions concerning state law are relevant to the State of Hawaii only, and readers should consult their own state laws pertaining to these matters. State Law It is a recognized principle of law that all individuals are required to provide all relevant information available to the trier of fact that will be necessary for deciding the issues before the court.


Almost all federal jurisdictions and states recognize a psychologist-patient privilege or psychotherapist-patient privilege. In Hawaii, Rule The Rule states that a client: The law then states that the privilege may be claimed by the client or guardian or person representing the client.

However, it also states that the psychologist is presumed to have authority to claim the privilege on behalf of the client. There are four exceptions to the privilege. One is for proceedings for hospitalization.

how to write a subpoena for court

Another is if the examination is by order of a court. A third is if the client has a condition and is using that condition as an element of a claim for defense. The fourth is if there are proceedings against the psychologist, though even here there are limiting factors.

Thus, the first step is to determine that the subpoena is valid e. The psychologist may wish to consult with an attorney concerning this. The psychologist will also want to determine the possible harmful effects that disclosing information may cause the client.

He or she may want to consider general grounds for opposing or limiting information turned over in order to help protect the client. It is advisable to contact the client or the attorney who represents the client, or the legal guardian, to inform them that such a subpoena has been received.

If the client does not fall under the exceptions to the psychologist's privilege and is not willing to give up the privilege, the matter may end with a short letter to the court and to the attorney issuing the subpoena.

However, even if the client waives the privilege, the psychologist must thoroughly examine the implications of releasing the information. The psychologist should attempt to assist the patient in limiting disclosure only to the information required by the particular circumstances, and, most importantly, only to other professionals who are qualified to interpret the data.

Next the psychologist should refer to the state laws pertaining to the psychology licensing or certification board.

What Is a Subpoena? - FindLaw

The Hawaii Revised Statutes governs the practice of psychologists in Hawaii and provides in part: Unethical practice pertains to those ethical practices that are spelled out in the Hawaii Administrative Rules, Title 16, Chapter 98, dealing with psychologists.

HAR defines unethical practice as: When information about psychological procedures and techniques is given, care shall be taken to indicate that they should be used only by persons adequately trained in their use; Such information shall not be communicated to others unless certain important conditions are met: Written and oral reports should present only data germane to the purpose of the evaluation; Every effort shall be made to avoid undue invasion of privacy; Accesses to such devices shall be limited to persons with professional interest who shall safeguard their use.

From the above it may be seen that there is obviously a conflict here between a subpoena for all records and a psychologist supplying such records. Hawaii law states that the only condition in which material could be turned over is after deliberation where there is "clear and imminent danger to an individual or to society.

Almost all judges have recognized the dilemma posed by the subpoena and my following the state law, and have generally either quashed voided the subpoena, or supported my offer to turn over my records to a psychologist who was qualified to interpret the data.United States Courts Skip to main content.

About Federal Courts. Federal Courts & the Public. Subpoena to Appear and Testify at a Hearing or Trial in a Civil Action.

TenantNet - New York Small Claims Court

Download Form (pdf, KB) Form Number: AO Court Locator. A court order is an official proclamation by a judge (or panel of judges) that defines the legal relationships between the parties to a hearing, a trial, an appeal or other court proceedings.

Such ruling requires or authorizes the carrying out of certain steps by one or more parties to a case. A court order must be signed by a judge; some jurisdictions may require it to be notarized.

The Process

Hennepin Housing Court Hennepin County District Court» Housing Court is part of the Civil Division and handles cases involving landlord and tenant is governed by Minn.

Stat. Chapter B and the Housing Court Rules. Effective July 1, , attorneys and government agencies must use the eFile & eServe system to file documents in Housing Court. Page 3 of 8 Elyria Municipal Court’s territorial venue is the Citie s of Elyria and North Ridgeville, Villages of Grafton, LaGrange and Townships of Carlisle, Columbia, Eaton, Elyria, Grafton and LaGrange.

how to write a subpoena for court

Self Help Information about Civil Lawsuits for the Plaintiff and Defendant. Go to the Magistrate Clerk’s office in the county where your problem is located and ask for a Civil Complaint.

You can also find the Civil Complaint online.. Fill in your name and address.

IPT Journal - "Guidelines for Psychologists Who Receive a Subpoena for Their Records"