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Were these attacks the outgrowth of a Japanese state with a uniquely intense nationalism, or of a particularly coercive social order, or of economic and social inequalities, or had Japan by the late s entered a stage of late capitalist development that naturally segued into fascism?
Do leaders think through their reasons for beginning wars? Do decision makers have a reasonably clear view of how to end the war and how the postwar peace will be better than the prewar peace?
In the road to World War II, did Japanese military leaders ask themselves these questions before they invaded China in and before they attacked the British and Americans in ? What was the impact of nationalism on their decision to go to war?
To what extent did their interpretations, probably mistaken, of why Japan won earlier wars against China and Russia enter into the calculus?
Japan was an imperialist state that operated within the constraints of what was acceptable imperialist behavior. Only afterand especially after its aggression in China indid Japan leave that framework.
Third, these grievances, aggravating as they were, did not make war with China, still less with the United States, a realistic choice for Japan. The United States also had more highly developed levels of technology and greater access to raw materials.
Japan undertook wars in China and against the United States that it could not win. Japan entered the modern world when the Americans, and the then much more powerful British, forced open its gates in the s.
When the Western countries visited Japan in the midth century, they came not asking for trade, but demanding it. The West returned to Asia with new steamships, improved weapons, and a new attitude—an attitude that demanded Japan open itself to trade.
Whatever Japan gave one power they had to give to all of the others. One group of samurai advocated cooperation with the West—open the country to learn how to make Western weapons in order to defend Japan from the West. Thus, the newly nationalistic Meiji leadership undertook a host of reforms aimed at creating a Japanese state—to them Japan needed to be unified and strong in the face of the outside threat.
Two reforms in this process of state building stand out: He became the symbol of Japanese nationalism. The Meiji Emperor The newly created elementary school system was used as the primary disseminator of this patriotism. But inJapan did not have a unified language to spread nationalism.The first test of Eisenhower's new foreign policy came when the president failed to negotiate an end to the war in Korea.
Dulles implied America's willingness to use nuclear weapons by openly transferring nuclear warheads to the Far East. The second Red Scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated American politics, culture, and society from the late s through the s, during the .
How and for what reasons did United States foreign policy change between and ? Use the documents and your knowledge of the period to construct your response.
Document A. Census data on farms and cities, however, reveals that while cities grew rapidly in the North between and , they did not become leading population centers until Home» AP US History» Unit Notes» Unit 08 - Foreign Policy in the s. DBQ help, American foreign policy ; Chapter The New Era of the s ; please help me with this DBQ question about the s; American culture change in the s essay help!
Perry, on behalf of the U.S. government, forced Japan to enter into trade with the United States and demanded a treaty permitting trade and the opening of Japanese ports to U.S.