McCarthy, who admitted the assault, claimed he merely "slapped" Pearson.
Communism Infewer than 50, Americans out of a total US population of million were members of the Communist Party. Yet in the late s and early s, American fears of internal communist subversion reached a nearly hysterical pitch.
Government loyalty boards investigated millions of federal employees, asking what books and magazines they read, what unions and civic organizations they belonged to, and whether they went to church. We will write a custom essay sample on Anticommunism in the s or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Hundreds of screenwriters, actors, and directors were blacklisted because of their alleged political beliefs, while teachers, steelworkers, sailors, lawyers, and social workers lost their jobs for similar reasons.
More than thirty-nine states required teachers and other public employees to take loyalty oaths. Meanwhile, some libraries pulled books that were considered too leftist from their shelves.
Yet the anti-Communist crusade of the late s and s extended both in time and scope well beyond the activities of the junior senator from Wisconsin. Its roots can be traced to the mid-nineteenth century.
As far back aswhen Karl Marx published the Communist Manifesto, many Americans viewed communism as an alien ideology. The Bolshevik Revolution only added to such anxieties, fuelling an earlier Red Scare in Post-war anti-Communism was rooted even more directly in the political culture of the s.
During the Depression, many Americans became disillusioned with capitalism and some found communist ideology appealing. Others were attracted by the visible activism of American Communists on behalf of a wide range of social and economic causes, including the rights of African Americans, workers, and the unemployed.
InJoseph Stalin announced that he would allow Communists around the globe to ally with liberals and non-communist leftists in a broad anti-fascist coalition. All of these developments swelled the membership of the US Communist Party from some 7, at the start of the decade to an estimated 55, by its end.
More importantly, many Americans who did not join the party sympathized with what they saw as its goals. They joined dozens of other groups with tangential connections to the Communists: Many victims of the postwar Red Scare were hounded for activities they had engaged in a decade or more before.
If the Depression decade boosted the profile of international communism in the United States, it also sparked an anti-Communist backlash. Ironically, anti-Communists were sometimes aided by liberals and leftists whose primary fear was fascist subversion.
In any case, nearly all of the tactics deployed by anti-Communists in the decade after World War II had a trial run in the late s. This period saw the renewal of FBI spying, the adoption of loyalty oaths for teachers and a political litmus test for federal employees, and passage of the first peacetime sedition law since But as the war ended and the alliance frayed, a series of events fanned the banked embers of anti-Communism into flames.
In the spring ofacting on orders from Moscow, US Communists reversed their policy of reconciliation with the West and adopted a militantly anti-capitalist stance.
Meanwhile, authorities in the United States and Canada uncovered evidence of Soviet espionage, evidence that suggested Americans had been involved in passing classified secrets. Finally, Republicans and some conservative Democrats saw in anti-Communism a powerful campaign issue and a weapon that could be used to curb union and civil rights activism and New Deal policies.
In practice, people could lose their jobs for being on the wrong mailing list, owning suspect books or phonograph records, or associating with relatives or friends who were politically suspect. Those accused almost never learned the source of the allegations against them, and the criteria for dismissal were expanded in and again in Tens of thousands of federal employees—including disproportionate numbers of civil rights activists and gays—were fully investigated under the loyalty-security program, and some were dismissed between and By legitimizing the use of political litmus tests for employment, the federal loyalty-security program paved the way for the use of similar political tests by state and local governments and private employers.
Between the late s and the early s, school systems, universities, movie studios, social welfare agencies, ports, companies with defence contracts, and many other employers used background checks, loyalty oaths, and other means to weed out employees deemed politically undesirable.
In October of that year, the committee was catapulted back into the headlines after years in obscurity when it launched an investigation of communist influences in the film industry. HUAC summoned a dazzling array of actors, screenwriters, and directors to testify at public hearings, asking them about their own involvement with the party and pressing them to name others with Communist ties.
These blacklists persisted into the early s. Meanwhile, HUAC went on the road, holding hearings in cities across the US over the course of the next decade and investigating teachers, musicians, union organizers, and other groups.
HUAC also inspired others. In September Americans learned that the Soviet Union had successfully tested an atomic bomb, years earlier than most experts had thought possible.Joseph McCarthy Throughout the early 's, the nation was deeply engrossed in fears of a Communist takeover.
At a time when America's fears were at their very height, Joseph McCarthy, a Republican Senator from Wisconsin pushed America's fears to an extreme.
The lives of these people, being changed after the trials had to rebuild a new life for themselves. People's careers are destroyed and property is taken away, as a result.
The ruination and deaths of various people are a result of Joseph McCarthy's and the girls' unfounded accusations. Joe McCarthy, (Joseph R. McCarthy) , Republican United States Senator from Wisconsin, , dominated the anti-communist movement in the U.S., , until his career was ruined by censure by the Senate.
In the вЂ™s, American citizens faced the threat of looming nuclear annihilation that was posed by the Soviet Union and itвЂ™s satellite nations. “Enemies from Within”: Senator Joseph R.
McCarthy’s Accusations of Disloyalty Wisconsin Republican Joseph R. McCarthy first won election to the Senate in during a campaign marked by much anticommunist Red-baiting. Nov 21, · Technically proficient in depicting an intersection in the careers of Senator Joseph McCarthy, (R, WI), and CBS News anchor Edward R.
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